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Wat Arun

Temple of Dawn, perhaps so named because the first light of morning is reflected off the surface of the temple with a pearly radiance. This temple is located in the Bangkok Yai district, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River. The full name of the temple is Wat Arunratchawararam.

The temple was built in the days of Thailand's ancient capital of Ayutthaya and originally known as Wat Makok (The Olive Temple). In the ensuing era when Thonburi was capital, King Taksin changed the name to Wat Chaeng.

This temple had a brief period as host to the Emerald Buddha, which was moved to Wat Phra Kaew in 1784. In later years King Rama II changed the name to Wat Arunratchatharam. He restored the temple and enlarged the central prang. The work was finished by King Rama III. King Rama IV gave the temple the present name Wat Arunratchawararam.

During a recent visit, managed to pay respect to Phra Ku Balad Dhamakan whom is responsible for safekeeping of this amulet. I felt indebted to a monk from Cheras, K.L. whom introduced me to Phra Ku Balad Dhamakan or else I would not be able to see the materials for making the famous Phra Somdej Song Kaiser that originated from this temple in 1870 made by Phra Somdej Puttajarn Toh for King Rama V to bring along to Germany. Somdej Puttajarn Toh later passed away in A.D. 1872.

Phra Somdej Kaiser is made from a powerful combination of more than 200 different kinds of sacred materials gathered from monasteries, stupas, guru masters of past and present from all over Thailand and the 4 sacred sites of Buddhist pilgrimage in India. The amulets are blessed for a total of 9 times by 99 senior Buddhist monks who sat in meditation of concentration and mindfullness.

We are very fortunate to be able to take some photographs of the left over materials used in making the Phra Somdej Kaiser for all visitors to see. The holy substances are displayed in a large glass cabinet. Shown in the glass cabinet display is a brochure write-up in Thai language featuring Somdej Phim Song Kaiser.

Below is an excellent piece of the actual Phra Somdej Phim Song Kaiser produced from Wat Arun in B.E.2529. In our humble opinion, this batch is worth collecting as it contained a lot of sacred materials that took 25 years to collect and further took 3 years to be consecrated and blessed by 99 senior Buddhist masters.

With good merits we all have performed in the past, thus we have this opportunity to share knowledge with each other on the old materials used for making Phra Somdej Kaiser.

A copy of the original temple certificate of authencity with 3 small photos on top of the cert bearing the 3 phim sizes (XL, L and S) of Somdej Kaiser B.E.2529.

Somdej Kaiser B.E.2529 middle size phim

Displayed above is another piece of excellent Somdej Kaiser dated B.E.2548 which is also highly sought after by collectors. This is a middle size phim. Below is an older piece Somdej Kaiser with visible lacquer residue on the surface.

Example of another remarkable Somdej Kaiser batch B.E.2548

History and Miracles of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser (Lord Buddha Image of Kaiser Model)

Top of Siamese Buddha Images Used as Amulet - A Brief History of The Establishment and Miracles of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser – Top of Siamese Buddha Images used as amulet Rakang Kositaram Temple

Among Thailand’s Buddha images made from the past to the present by famous monks from different temples, the Thai society, especially those in the Buddha image circles has recognized the holiness and miracles of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser (Lord Buddha Image of Kaiser Model). Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi miracles have been well known for a long time from the past to today. It’s therefore most appropriate to have a record of Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi history and miracles for collectors of new generation to appreciate.

Phra Somdej Song Kaiser is hard to acquire or even to have a look since Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi made only 300 of them to offer to King Chulalongkorn (King Rama V) before His Majesty traveled to Europe. Most of Buddha image collectors only heard about this famous model of Buddha images. Only a few people have the privilege to actually look at one. Many people may wonder why a Thai Buddha image has a foreign name. The new generation is surprised to hear the name of the model. Many people know Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi history but many have forgotten it. I’m afraid that the holy Buddha image made by Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi may disappear from the people’s memory and this world. That is why I have collected information for readers and followers of Somdej To to read. After reading it, you’ll know why this holy and beautiful Buddha image is having 5 lotuses at the base that has an implication to King Chulalongkorn, upholding Buddhism, Thailand’s national religion and why His Majesty is known among collectors as “Phra Somdej Song Kaiser” with miracles recognized for a long time among people in and outside the Buddhist image collection circles.

From the history and legend inherited to this day, Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi made the Buddha images on Tuesday, on the 9th day of the waxing moon at 09.00 hours, B.E. 2413 (A.D. 1870). The images were made from five special powder materials as follows;

1. Ithijai powder

2. Patamong powder

3. Maharaj powder

4. Trinisinghe powder and

5. Phudhakun powder

Other materials used are – cooked rice, Kluay Nam (a kind of banana), Kluay Homcan (a kind of banana), 108 kinds of pollen such as snowy orchid, nickernut, crown flower, betel pepper leaf, candlewick or candle wax lit in homage of Lord Buddha, 7 salt licks, 7 forest soils, Sema lichen, scurf of Lord Buddha, pink cassia leaf, Tanowsri sachet powder, water leaked from a rock in a cave, Tan leaf powder, shell powder, cooked rice and delicious foods. They were all blended and dried, then mixed with boiled sugar cane juice. They are finally threshed with Tang-iew oil. The materials were pressed to mould. Each Buddha image is 3.7cm wide, 5.8cm tall and 5 mm thick, the size of a match box. Each Buddha image was well moulded with five lotuses at the base.

Before the image was called Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser, Luang Po Somdej Toh called it “Phra Somdej Pim Piset” (specially printed Buddha image). Luang Po Somdej Toh made about 300 images and spent three months to consecrate them. He offered all the images to King Chulalongkorn before His Majesty traveled abroad in 1870.

Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser became well known when King Chulalongkorn visited Germany. That’s why the images were called Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser till today. From the history and having been relayed to the present generation by the aged, especially the entourage of King Chulalongkorn during His Majesty’s trip to Germany, Europe, the miracles of this Buddha image with pointed face, Garuda chest, round head and five lotuses at the base were related to an event. After greeting Kaiser William 1 of Germany, King Chulalongkorn sat down to talk to Kaiser William 1 who suddenly noticed red, green and yellow lights around King Chulalongkorn’s shirt pocket and asked the King what he had inside his pocket. King Chulalongkorn picked up a Buddha image of Phra Somdej Pim Piset and showed to Kaiser William saying that was a Buddha image revered by all Thai Buddhists and used as an amulet to protect himself from any dangers. Owning one also brings peace of mind.

Kaiser William was interested in the amulet and started to have faith in the Buddha image. King Chulalongkorn then offered the Buddha image to Kaiser William as a souvenir of his trip to Germany. Kaiser William received the image and put the Phra Somdej Pim Piset into his shirt pocket. The same lights shown out of his pocket surprising Kaiser William and his people present there. Kaiser William had more faith in Phra Somdej and felt that the Siamese King had so much reserved power and intelligence. King Chulalongkorn then named the Buddha image in honour of Kaiser William I by combining the original name of Phra Somdej Pim Piset with the name of Kaiser William as “ Phra Somdej Song Kaiser” from then on. The general public in Thailand and abroad had so much respect to that model of Buddha image because of its value, might, holiness and miracles that are hard to describe in words. A large crowd flocked to Rakang Kositaram Temple to obtain Phra Somdej Song Kaiser at that time but they were all disappointed since the amulets were not available at all.

From then onward, the Buddha image with pointed face, Garuda chest, round head and five lotuses at the base implying King Rama V. The middle lotus or petal is larger than those on the sides. Everone then called this Buddha image in line with what’s conferred by King Chulalongkorn “Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser” until this day.

At that time, subjects in the Royal Palace assessed the price of each Buddha image as high as 5 chang. This amount of money could buy some 100 rai of land at that time. The value of the Buddha image is priceless today and it’s not available anymore. It’s only a legend of holiness to be related to the next generation. Those who possess them are highly merited.

If you want to see Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser, Luang Pu had collected 199 kinds of holy materials from Rakang Kositaram Temple, Mai Amaratos Temple, Indra Vihara Temple and Chaiyo Temple and elsewhere both inside and outside the country (Thailand) to produce Phra Somdej from a real Phra Somdej Song Kaiser. If you want to have one, they are available at Team 4, Arun Rajavararam Temple (Temple of Dawn) or may call for an enquiry at 466-0457 or 466-9854.

A note of advice – please collect only for your own personal collection to be part of the history in the making of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser. If possible refrain from earning a profit by trading in this holy amulet. The reason being that it took many years to collect all the holy materials to make these beautiful Somdej amulets therefore everyone should be able to own a piece or two for ourselves and our future generation to partake merits in the noble work of our Teachers.

You should know as well that Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi was cremated at the royal crematorium at the Temple of Dawn. The fire to cremate his body was lighted by King Chulalongkorn who was preset at the cremation by Himself. The royal crematorium was situated at the Temple of Dawn from the establishment of the Rattanakosin Era. After the cremation of Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi, the royal crematorium which had a concrete base and wood carving on the upper part was worn down. It was located at the mount of Soi Prok Arun 2 (today is a new road). Later the royal crematorium was relocated to Thep Sirin Temple until today. The architectural design was all new.

Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi was born on the 12th day of the waxing moon, 5th lunar month, Year of Monkey, falling on Thursday, April 17, 1788 in the morning at 06.35 hours and passed away on the 2nd day of the waning moon, 8th lunar month, Year of Monkey, failling on Saturday, June 22, 1872 at midnight. His age was 84 years, 2 months, and 5 days. He was the 5th Somdej Phra Buddajan in the Rattanakosin Era.

Materials used as ingredient fro the construction of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser and Phra Somdej Ha Buddha Nupab Maha Mongkol

In addition to powder and materials traditionally used to make Phra Somdej, powder and materials from old Phra Somdej and ruins of Phra Somdej Toh, Rakang Temple, Chaiyo Woraviharn Temple, Mai Amataros Temple, Indra Vihara Temple, as well as materials from various holy underground cells (Chedis) and holy places since Chiangsaen, Sukhothai, Sri Satchanalai, Uthong, Lopburi, Ayutthaya, Rattanakosin periods, and 199 kinds of sacred soil from overseas religious places. The materials have been blended and consecrated for 9 candle lightning ceremonies chaired by the Supreme Patriarch, Somdej Phra Yangsangvara, and by 99 senior Buddhist monks. It took 25 years to collect all the materials and the consecration ceremonies took 3 years. The powder and materials are still left for later generation to have a look.

1. Soil from Lord Buddha’s birth place (India)

2. Soil from Lord Buddha’s enlightenment site (India)

3. Soil from Lord Buddha’s First Sermon site (India)

4. Soil from Lord Buddha’s Parinibbana site (India)

5. Powder of old Phra Somdej amulet Rakang Kositaram Temple

6. Phra Somdej amulets of Chaiyo Temple, historical model and old powder

7. Powder of old Phra Somdej amulets of Mai Amataros Temple, and ruins of Phra somdej 09 Model

8. Powder of old Phra somdej of Intara Viharn Temple and old temple roof tiles powder

9. Powder of old Phra Somdej of Plub Temple (Luang Pu Suk Kaituen)

10. Century powder of Rakang Temple, Chao Khun Somdej Phra Buddajarn Toh model (Somdej Buddajarn Phra Thad was given by his disciple Pol. Lt. Siri Yompat)

11. Powder of old Phra Somdej of Paknam Temple, Model 1,4,6

12. Puthakun powder of Phra Yanna Rat Raj Manit (Chao Khun Nara)

13. Powder to make Phra Somdej Maha Raj Songkrut, Sikan Temple (Buddha Siam)

14. Lichen from a pagoda containing relics, Nakhon Ratchasima

15. Lichen from Pattha Sima leaf from 8 directions, Nang Phaya Temple, Phitsanulok Province

16. Lichen from Pattha Sima leaf, Temple of the Emerald Buddha (Phra Kaew) in Bangkok

17. Lichen from pattha Sima Leaf, Phra Buddha Chinaraj Temple, Phitsanulok Province

18. Gold leaf at the foot mark of Phra Buddha Chinaraj Temple, Phitsanulok Province

19. Relics of Lord Buddha’s disciples from a cave in Kanchanaburi Province

20. Hom banana, Nam banana, Homchan banana

21. Laterite from Nang Phaya Temple, Phitsanulok Province

22. Laterite from Phra Kaew Temple, Kamphaeng Phet Province

23. Powder of Phra Archan Pua, a disciple of Luang Pu Pring

24. Powder of Luang Po Dee, Phra Roop Temple, Suphanburi

25. Maharaj powder

26. Powder from Chaingsaen holy cell

27. Silver powder, Sukhothai Province

28. Krui Thong powder

29. Powder of Naga Prok, Lop Buri Province

30. Kru Nana Phaya powder from Suphanburi

31. Powder of Phra Somdej Pilan

32. Powder of Phra Chao Nomo

33. Pakmang powder

34. Ithijae powder

35. Tri Nisinghe powder

36. Three months dried rice

37. Lime stones

38. Honey

39. Pollen from 108 flowers

40. Tang Hua oil

41. Phet Tap Pet minerals

42. Phet Na Tham minerals

43. Khao Dok Phra Ruang minerals

44. Phet Namkang minerals

45. Copper

46. Paddy minerals and rice of Mai Posop (rock)

47. Crystal sands

48. Black rice powder

49. Powder of areca nut of Luang Po Klai

50. Powder of Luang Pu On, Bangchak Temple

51. Saensuk powder

52. Saen Sabai powder

53. Marigold powder

54. Powder from 100 temples

55. Baked clay powder of Tarawadi Period

56. Stibnite, silver, gold alloy powder, Luang Po Sanoh

57. Buddha image powder of Tarawadi Era

58. Baked clay Buddha image powder

59. Hermit powder from Khao Chongkling

60. Baked clay powder of Archan Tan, Dhrama Sen Temple

61. Phra That powder

62. Marble powder

63. Jade powder

64. Phra Somdej Jitralada powder

65. Gold pollen powder from Pradu Songtham Temple

66. Gold pollen powder Luang Pu Chum Intahsaro from Bangn Nai Temple

67. Gold pollen powder from Thong Nopakun Temple

68. Gold pollen powder from Paknam Phadi Charoen Temple

69. Gold pollen powder from the Temple of Dawn

70. Gold pollen powder from Pathum Kongka Temple

71. Gold pollen powder from Traimitr Vitayaram Temple

72. Gold pollen powder from Karuhabodi Temple

73. Gold pollen powder from Verurachin

74. Gold pollen powder from Tai Temple (Phra Khanong)

75. Gold pollen powder from Maha Buts Temple

76. Gold pollen powder from Yang Temple (Luang Po To)

77. Gold pollen powder from Thong Nai Temple (Luang Po Petch)

78. Gold pollen powder from Lang Boon Temple

79. Gold pollen powder from King Kaew Temple (Luang Po Ake)

80. Gold pollen powder from Suwan Temple (Klong San)

81. Gold pollen powder from Prayoon Wongsawas Temple

82. Gold pollen powder from Anong Kharam Temple

83. Gold pollen powder from Poh Temple (Tha Tien)

84. Gold pollen powder from Taling Chan Temple (Luang Po Dam)

85. Gold pollen powder from Nakhon Pa Mak Temple

86. Gold pollen powder from Kai Tiea Temple (Luang Po To)

87. Gold pollen powder from Chao Arm Temple

88. Gold pollen powder from Sri Sudram Temple

89. Gold pollen powder from Chino Rasaram Temple

90. Gold pollen powder from Huay Mongkol Temple (Luang Po Plung)

91. Gold pollen powder from Asokaram Temple (Luang Po Lee)

92. Gold pollen powder from Pichai Songkram Temple (Luang Po Khien)

93. Gold pollen powder from Yai Inthra Ram Temple

94. Gold pollen powder from Buddha Chinaraj Mongkok Prakan Temple

95. Gold pollen powder from Phrom Mani Temple

96. Gold pollen powder from Chaiyo Woraviharn Temple

97. Gold pollen powder from Pikul Thong Temple, Singburi Province

98. Gold pollen powder from Phanan Cheng Temple

99. Gold pollen powder from Yai Chai Mongkol Temple

100. Gold pollen powder from Vihara Luang Po Mongkol Bopit

101. Gold pollen powder from Phra Kan Pavilion, Lop Buri Province

102. Gold pollen powder from Phra Pratone Chedi Temple

103. Gold pollen powder from Phra Pathom Chedi Temple

104. Gold pollen powder from Rai King Temple

105. Gold pollen powder from Doong Rang Temple

106. Gold pollen powder from Thung Latya Temple (Luang Po Lamyai)

107. Gold pollen powder from Khao Rak Temple Kanchanaburi Province

108. Gold pollen powder from Pa Rae Rai Temple, Kanchanaburi Province

109. Gold pollen powder from Nang Phaya Temple, Phitsanulok Province

110. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Cho Hae Temple, Phrae Province)

111. Gold pollen powder from Sri Don Kham Temple, Phrae Province

112. Gold pollen powder from Phra Kaew Temple, Chiang Mai Province

113. Gold pollen powder from Pa Kluay Temple, Chiang Rai Province

114. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Pha Ngao Temple, Chiang Rai Province

115. Gold pollen powder from Doi Suthep Temple, Chiang Mai Province

116. Gold pollen powder from Phra Singh Temple, Chiang Mai Province

117. Gold pollen powder from Kru Ba Sri Vichai Monument

118. Gold pollen powder from Phan Ta Temple, Chiang Mai Province

119. Gold pollen powder from Mad Kam Tong Temple, Chiang Mai Province

120. Gold pollen powder from Chiang Yuen Temple, Chiang Mai Province

121. Gold pollen powder from Loy Kroh Temple, Chiang Mai Province

122. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Hari Punchai Temple, Lamphun Province

123. Gold pollen powder from Maha Wan Temple, Lamphun Province

124. Gold pollen powder from Jama Thevi Temple, Lamphun Province

125. Gold pollen powder from Phra Buddha Bath Takpha Temple

126. Gold pollen powder from Boon Vihara Temple, Lampang Province

99 Senior Buddhist Monks sit in meditation

This list will be a great info for serious amulet collectors and readers. You may find some of the monks familiar to readers e.g. Luang Po Jaran, Luang Po Koon, Luang Po Pae and Luang Po Liew are among the 99 senior Buddhist monks whom took part in the blessing ceremony. Among the notable monks in our present time whom took part in the ceremony is Luang Po Jaran and his Dharma teaching that we have featured in SimplyBuy's article.

Here you may also find names of various monks and temples you may have come across in the past.

1. Phra Visuthi Wongsachan - Wat Thep Thidaram, Bangkok

2. Phra Visutha Thipbodi - Wat Suthat Thep Vararam, Bangkok

3. Phra Dharma Sirichai - Wat Arun Raj Vararam, Bangkok

4. Phra Raj Yan Dilok - Wat Raj Pradit, Bangkok

5. Luang Pu Thong - Wat Sam Pluen, Bangkok

6. Phra Raj Panya Sudi - Wat Poh (The Tien), Bangkok

7. Luang Po Klaew - Wat Bang Khun Thien Nok, Bangkok

8. Phra Dharma Panya Bodi (Luang) - Wat Paknam, Bangkok

9. Phra Raj Mongkok Yan (Sa-ngad) - Wat Paknam, Bangkok

10. Phra Pawana Visuthajan - Wat Trai Mitr, Bangkok

11. Phra Vichen Muni - Wat Kuha Sawan, Bangkok

12. Phra Thep Methi - Wat Sawetra Chat, Bangkok

13. Phra Thep Prasith Mon (Luang Po Phan) - Wat Rakang Kositaram, Bangkok

14. Phra Sophon Dharma Porn - Wat Arun Raj Vararam, Bangkok

15. Phra Raj Pipat Kosol (Luang Po Naen) - Wat Sri Sudaram, Bangkok

16. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dhrama Pimon (Anunuay) - Wat Suthat, Bangkok

17. Phra Raj Pariyati Vithan (Luang Po Bud) - Wat Dao Dungsaram, Bangkok

18. Phra Voravej Muni (Prasert) - Wat Phra Chetu Pon, Bangkok

19. Phra Kru Bikku Viveka Nantha - Wat Maha That, Bangkok

20. Phra Kru Dhrama Ratana Vimol (Thong Bai) - Wat Sikan (Buddha Siam), Bangkok

21. Luang Po Chuen - Wat Koke Thong, Ayutthaya

22. Luang Po Mien - Wat Poh Kobchao, Ayutthaya

23. Luang Po Mee - Wat Mara Vichai, Ayutthaya

24. Phra Thep Boran Khanajan (Vaj) - Wat Phanon Cheung, Ayutthaya

25. Phra Sunthorn Dharma Nuwat (Sawat) - Wat Sala Poon, Ayutthaya

26. Phra Suthorn Yutikit (La-aied) - Wat Phai Lom, Ayutthaya

27. Phra Kru Kasem Khana Bibal (Mee) - Wat Mara Vichai, Ayutthaya

28. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dharma Niwat (Ruay) - Wat Tako, Ayutthaya

29. Phra Kru Buddha Siriwat (Mien) - Wat Poh, Ayutthaya

30. Phra Kru Phatrakit Sophon (Hual) - Wat Buddhai Sawan, Ayutthaya

31. Phyra Yanna Rangsi (Piya) - Wat Chumpol Nikayaram, Ayutthaya

32. Phra Kru Vichan Patanopas - Wat Koh Kaew, Saraburi

33. Luang Pu Bua Thavaro - Wat Pukam Banpot, Saraburi

34. Phra Pisith Nimmakan (Chalam) - Wat Chaiyo Voravihara, Angthong

35. Phra Kru Visuthi Chaikun (Sa-art) - Wat Maha Nam, Angthong

36. Luang Po Kong Jittamalo - Wat Khao Sompot, Lop Buri

37. Phra Mongkol Dharma Pani (Luang Pu Mang) - Wat Thep Kunchorn Vararam, Lop Buri

38. Luang Pu Bukka Thavaro - Wat Klong Chusi Charoensuk, Sing Buri

39. Phra Raj Singha Kanajan (Luang Po Pae) - Wat Pikul Thong, Sing Buri

40. Phra Kru Prasan Navakit (Prasan) - Wat Phra Non Chakri, Sing Buri

41. Phra Kru Pitak Sasanawong (Tod) - Wat Nong Sum, Sing Buri

42. Phra Kru Viraya San (Sali) - Wat Sathu Karam, Sing Buri

43. Phra Raj Visuthiyan Mongkol (Luang Po Jaran) - Wat Amphawan, Sing Buri

44. Phra Mongkol Chaisith (Samran) - Wat Pak Klong Makamtao, Chai Nat

45. Phra Raj Sang Vorayan - Wat Pa Salawan, Nakhon Ratchasima

46. Phra Mongkol Vatanakun (Luang Po Perm) - Wat Tham Thairat, Nakhon Ratchasima

47. Phra Kru Nakhon Dharn Kosit (Luang Pu Nil) - Wat Korn Buri, Nakhon Ratchasima

48. Luang Po Koon Parithsutho - Wat Banrai, Nakhon Ratchasima

49. Phra Achan Sien Aranyavasi - Wat Khao Heb, Nakhon Ratchasima

50. Luang Po Yaew - Wat Sam Ngam, Nakhon Pathom

51. Phra Kru Sunthorn Vidhikun (Luang Po Put) - Wat Klang Bang Phra, Nakhon Pathom

52. Phra Kru Panakit Sunthorn (Pern) - Wat Bang Phra, Nakhon Pathom

53. Luang Po Liew - Wat Rai Tang Thong, Nakhon Pathom

54. Phra Dharm Maha Viranuwat - Wat Rai King, Nakhon Pathom

55. Phra Kru Kasem Dhrama Nan (Cham) - Wat Don Yai Hom, Nakhon Pathom

56. Luang Po Huad - Wat Don Poh Thong, Suphanburi

57. Phra Kru Santi Suwankit (Dee) - Wat Phra Roop, Suphanburi

58. Phra Raj Udom Mongkol - Wat Wang Vikaram, Kanchanaburi

59. Phra Kru Kanjano Pamakun (Luang Po Lamyai) - Wat Thung Latya, Kanchanaburi

60. Luang Po Lamyai - Wat Thung Latya, Kanchanaburi

61. Phra Kru Piya Ratanaporn (Boonrat) - Wat Khong Khao, Chiang Mai

62. Phra Archan Khao Kata Punyo - Wat Sao Cha-ngao, Chiang Mai

63. Luang Pu Inkaew Aninchano - Wat Walukaram, Chiang Mai

64. Kru Ba In Into - Wat Fa Lang, Chiang Mai

65. Phra Kru Kasem Vorakit (Vichai) - Wat Tham Najom, Chiang Mai

66. Kru Ba Duang Dee - Wat Tha Jampi, Chiang Mai

67. Luang Pu La Tathip - San Kamphaeng, Chiang Mai

68. Phra Khun Chao Dabot Sumano - Arsom Veruwan, Chiang Mai

69. Phra Kru Pitak Phram Vihara (Luang Po Di) - Wat Phrom Vihara, Chiang Mai

70. Phra Kru Siri Boonyakom (Boonma) - Wat Veruwan, Chiang Mai

71. Phra Kru Sathorn Voratham (Prasert) - Wat Doi Phra Bath, Chiang Mai

72. Phra Kru Udom Vorayan (Inda) - Wat Jomchan, Chiang Mai

73. Phra Kru Prosith Boonwat (Prasith) - Wat Suan Dok, Lampang

74. Phra Kru Tahvorn Vorayan (Inta) - Wat Mae Long, Lampang

75. Luang Pu Waen Tanapalo - Wat Tham Phra Sabai, Lampang

76. Luang Po Kasem Khemto - Wat Rat Cemetery, Lampang

77. Info unavailable

78. Phra Kru Maha Buddha Bibal - Wat Sri Komkam, Phayao

79. Phra Archan Hong Nantha Varo - Wat Sandai Trai, Chiang Tung

80. Phra Thep Suthiyan Rangsi (Chan) - Wat Pa Chai Rangsi, Samut Sakhon

81. Luang Po Arb - Wat Lama Noi, Samut Sakhon

82. Luang Po Kae - Wat Mae Nam, Samut Songkhram

83. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dharmakit (Luang Po Yod) - Wat Kaew Charoen, Samut Songkhram

84. Phra Kru Palad Sampipat Tirachan - Wat Thung Sethi, Samut Prakan

85. Phra Archan Somchai Titavirito - Wat Khao Sukim, Chanthaburi

86. Phra Vorapot Panyachan (Fam) - Wat Pa Arunyikawat, Chonburi

87. Phra Kru Piyuk Dharm Sunthorn (Luang Po Yid) - Wat Nong Chok, Prachuap Khiri Khan

88. Phra Visutha Jarakun (Ketu) - Wat Koh Lak, Prachuap Khiri Khan

89. Phra Kru Pawana Vacharopas (Phaew) - Wat To Naga Luang, Phetchaburi

90. Phra Kru Kasem Dharma Yan (Luang Po Nam) - Wat Matchaim Phumi Vararam, Nakhon Si Thammarat

91. Phra Kruba Sangla Dharma Siri - Wat That Saimuang, Myanmar

92. Phra Archan Jamnien Silasetho - Wat Tham Mia Vipassana, Krabi

93. Phra Thep Vara Lankara (Sri Chan) - Wat Sri Suthawas, Loei

94. Phra Sunthoron Dharma Korn (Kampan) - Wat That Maha Chai, Nakhon Phanom

95. Phra Raj Pirot Rangsi (Tes) - Wat Poh Chai, Nong Khai

96. Phra Kru Opas Sakol Dharma (Sawang) - Wat Saphan Dam, Sakon Nakhon

97. Phra Mongkol Kita Thada (Amorn) - Wat Pa Vivek, Ubon Ratchathani

98. Phra Yan Vises (Thieng) - Wat Luang Sumanglaram, Si Sa Ket

99. Phra Kru Panya Sami - Wat Phrachao Rakang, Tha Khi Lek

We thank the unknkown original author of this remarkable article relating to Phra Somdej Song Kaiser. This article was gathered for general info reading with minor corrections on word sentencing and spelling errors of the original publisher.

Interestingly we have found another similar votive tablet that resembles Somdej Kaiser in terms of its shape, design and colour. This tablet was made in B.E.2552 by Luang Po Nalong from an unfamiliar temple name something like Wat Kumpang. If anybody have more info about this temple or its history please write to us.

We thought it will be interesting to include this Somdej tablet into this section due to the similarity with Somdej Kaiser.


Moving onward along the same river bank is Wat Kanlaya which is almost as old as Wat Arun as I was told. This temple is situated just next to Wat Arun and a mere 5 minutes taxi ride will get you here. The other option is to take the river crossing from Wat Arun which is not so convenient for first time visitors. I was fortunate to know a Thai friend whom brought me to Wat Kanlaya and explained the history of this temple origin.

Although I have cruised along the Chao Phraya river many times before, I have never really noticed this temple that is located just before Wat Arun's stop (if you are cruising from the south i.e. Si Phraya). This old temple was built by early Chinese community whom settled down in Bangkok mostly doing trading businesses. The community established donation and funds for the Thai Sangha to establish this temple. You can see Chinese character inscriptions around the temple indicating Chinese influence on this contemporary Thai temple.

A big Golden Buddha inside the main prayer hall.

Beatiful wood carving of the main door. You can clearly see that is protected by a large piece of plastic cover to preserve the ancient craftmanship

According to history as told by my friend, the cement pagoda seen on the left side of this picture served as a deco. It was brought here from China. In the early days of Bangkok, the Chinese and Thai have strong economic bilateral relationship. Thailand export goods to China through the Chinese merchants and upon returning to Thai soil, sometimes the vessels can be empty. In order to balance the merchant ships against strong waves, the Chinese came up with an ingenius idea by putting these heavy heavy Pagodas and ceramic tiles as ship balast for balancing the vessels. Hence, Pagodas of Chinese origins were used for this temple art deco. This is one example of a Thai temple that has Chinese culture and influence incorporating Thai architectural designs.

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